Kiṭibha of Ayurvedic literature is compared and accepted with Psoriasis of Modern
Medical diagnosis. Psoriasis (Kiṭibha) is well known disease in Ayurvedic fraternity from the time immemorial. A clear disease description is available in Charaka samhita. This disease description along with its pathogenesis, treatment etc. are well defined in Ayurveda.
As per conventional system of medicine psoriasis comes under papulosquamous disorder with a morphological feature of scaly papules and plaques. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder of the skin results in hyper proliferation of the skin. The term Psoriasis originated from the Greek word “Psora” (spelled sora) that means, “itch”. It is a chronic skin disease characterized by dry skin and raised, rough, red areas on the skin covered with fine silvery scales. Erythematous, well defined dry scaly papules and plaques ranges from pin head to palm sized. Due to itch scraping causes multiple bleeding points (Auspitz sign). Different variants of psoriasis may co-exist in a particular individual, but the skin lesions all share the same hall marks erythema, thickening and scale. Psoriatic lesions are distributed symmetrically on scalp, elbow, knees, lumbo-sacral area and in folds of body.
As per Ayurveda causes of all varieties of skin diseases are common.
Intake of mutually contradictory food like fish and milk, intake of unctuous and heavy
drinks, suppression of natural urges like vomiting, sleep, thirst etc.
Physical exercise in excess heat climate or after taking heavy meal, violation of laws
of Ayurveda in exposing to heat, cold, fasting and taking food.
Intake of cold water immediately after exposing to scorching sun.
Intake of uncooked food and food before the previous meal is digested.
Excess intake of foods like fresh grains, curd, fish, salt and sour substances; excess
intake of black gram, radish, pastry, sesame seeds, milk, jaggery.
Sexual act in the state of indigestion; day sleep, performing sinful acts.
As a common law of Nidānaparivarjan (abstinence of aetiological factors) these aetiological
factors can also be considered as triggering factors/ preventive measures and to be avoided in the course of treatment.
Loose silvery scales.
Itching or burning skin.
Raised pus-filled skin bumps.
Skin redness around pustules.
Restricted joint motion.
Skin pain and inflammation.
Dry skin patches.
Bleeding skin patches.
Ayurvedic Psoriasis Treatment
According to Ayurveda, Psoriasis appears due to imbalance of two doshas – Vata and Kapha . Vata and Kapha doshas manifest in the skin and cause accumulation of toxins. These toxins accumulate in deep tissues like rasa (nutrient plasma), rakta (blood), mansa (muscles), and lasika (lymphatic). These toxins cause contamination of deeper tissues, leading to Psoriasis.
Purification of blood and tissues is the primary aim of Ayurvedic treatment in cases of Psoriasis. Toxins are cleansed from the body and the digestion restored to prevent further accumulation. Nourishing herbs are then administered to strengthen and tone the tissues to promote complete healing of the skin.
Diet & Lifestyle Advice :
Avoid consuming opposite foods.
Do not control natural urges like vomiting, urination, bowels, etc.
Do not take cold water bath immediately after a heavy workout, traveling, a long walk, etc.
Take care not to consume foods which cause indigestion.
Absolutely do not eat too much of salty, sour or acidic foods.
Avoid sleeping in afternoons.
Say no to radish, sesame, jaggery (gur), curds, fish and other sour foods.