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Panchakarma is a branch of Ayurveda that practices to purify the body from toxins and restore it to balance with natural law. Panchakarma process helps in purifing whole body. Panchakarma is based on health and wellness depend on balance between the mind, body, and spirit.
What is Panchakarma?
Panchakarma Detoxification is a set of five therapeutic treatments administered to the patient for the complete detoxification of the body. According to Ayurveda, the detoxification of the body is essential before undergoing any other major treatment. Even for healthy people, it is recommended to undergo this treatment once every five years to make the body rid of all impurities and chemical toxins it accumulates over the years. In some cases, Panchakarma Detoxification alone can cure many chronic diseases, preventing the need for future treatments.
What are the benefits?
Panchakarma Detoxification removes toxins from the digestive system, bowels, lungs, blood vessels and nervous system, removing aggravating dosha’s out of body,. It strengthens the muscles and joints and helps in the hormone secretion of all glands. It improves appetite, sleep quality, sexuality, concentration and memory. No wonder many people feel like they have a new body after undergoing Panchakarma.
Who should follow this program?
Those who are living under constant stress due to their nature of work, bad lifestyle with tobacco, alcohol and addiction to drugs, those who are taking prescription herbals from a long period of time, those who are suffering from ailments such as arthritis, rheumatism, chronic digestive problems, constipation, migraines, obesity, insomnia and anybody who feel like purifying their body.
How many days should you stay?
Prepare yourself for unique way of natural cleansing procedures
Minimum 5 to 14 days for a normal, healthy person. The first day there will be consultations with doctors and relaxation. Panchakarma detoxification treatment begins on the second day. There will be one or two rest days between phases of treatment, depending on how well your body is responding.
Step 1- Purvakarma (the pre-panchakarma procedures)-
a. Agni balance- First, your Agni will be corrected. Agni is very important to burn all those toxins in your gut which are triggering your pain and Also, a balanced Agni is a sign of good health. So take those oral herbal mixtures given to you to balance your Agni.
b. Snehana karma- After removing digestive toxins and seeing that there are no Agni related issues, then your body should be lubricated with ghee and oil internally (Sneha-pana)and externally (Abhyangam) to help loosen up your toxins for easy expulsions.
c. Swedana Karma– Along with this, fomentation will be performed which is going to help you a lot to loosen your body toxin. If your mind, body, spirit are in harmony with the universe, you have good health. Fomentation low back region. . It can be done the entire body or in the affected part of the body like only low back etc. alone. Among the different forms of Ayurvedic fomentation procedures, Avagaha Sweda, Pizhichil, Nadi Sweda Patra, Pinda Sweda, Pinda Sweda, Upanaha Sweda, and Kati Basti.
Step-2 Pradhana Karma (main cleansing procedures)
1. Vamana Karma
Vamana means medically induced vomiting that cleans the upper respiratory tract and upper digestive tract. This is mainly done under conditions where kapha or doshas in relation with kapha is an imbalance. Proper preparations will be done before the procedure in which snehana and swedana are the main ones. Compared with the regular vomiting this process will clean the excessive doshas and the toxins collected in the systems. For this procedure, the patient will be seated in a comfortable chair to support his back. After the process of vomiting the person will be given some medicated fume inhalations etc. The activities and the food of the person will be strictly restricted on the day.
It is indicated in Facial palsies, speech disorders, ptoris or leavatorpulpebral muscle palsy etc.
Indicated in all kapha diseases
Kapha dominant skin diseases like leukoderma
Asthma and related conditions of the respiratory system
In kapha dominant mental diseases etc.
Vamana treatment uses the upward movement in the form of emesis to eliminate the toxins. specially Kapha and pitta dosha from all over the body by specific procedures and then eliminated out by including the emesis.
2. Virechana Karma
Virechana means medically induced purgation. Virechana is medicated purgation therapy which removes Pitta toxins from the body that are accumulated in the liver and gallbladder; it thoroughly cleanses the gastrointestinal tract. It is a safe procedure without side effects.
This is a cleansing method to clean the lower digestive tract. This is a method of cleansing for the elimination of excessive pitta dosha. Virechana is usually done after proper preparations as in every panchakarma. The medicine will be given to the patient in the morning in empty stomach. Then he has to drink warm Water to stimulate the digestive tract. The activities of the patient and his food will be highly restricted on the day.
Virechana helps to root out Chronic Fever, Diabetes, Asthma, Skin disorders such as Herpes, Paraplegia, Hemiplegia Joint disorders, Digestive disorders, Constipation, Hyperacidity, Vitiligo, Psoriasis, Headaches, Elephantiasis and Gynecological disorders.
Virechana uses downward movement to remove the related toxins from the small intestine and liver through the rectum by the therapeutic purgation. this is a purification therapy it can prevent and heal a number of physical, mental and emotional disorders and illnesses
Two types Basti Karma
Basti treatment also uses downward movement to remove related toxins and waste material whose focal point of the target is the large intestines through therapeutic enemas.
Anuvasana Basti and Niruha Basti
Basti is enema done with a combination of herbal decoction and other medicines. This method is mostly to cleanse the intestines and to balance vata. This is always done in combination with the Matra Basti and always before having food. There are strict guidelines for preparation of the solution for better treatment. The medicines prescribed should be mixed together in the given sequence and warmed slightly before introducing it. As in Matra Basti, the patient’s stomach and back should be appropriately oleated and sweat by using water vapour. Then in his left lateral position, the medicine is introduced through the anus under constant pressure. As this is not meant for retaining inside, the patient can go to the toilet when he feels so.
All vata diseases
Other joint diseases
Various nervous disorders
Deep rooted skin diseases
Diseases of the urino-genital system, gynecological diseases etc.
Matrabasti is enema done with oil alone or a combination of oils and other medicines. This process is used mainly for nourishing the lower digestive tract and to lead the vata in its normal path. This can be done alone or in combination with Yogabasti. Matrabasti is usually done after food, this is to prevent the upward movement of the oil into the stomach. For that, the patient should be prepared by snehana, swedana, vamana, virechana etc. according to their condition. After a major meal the person is laid on a comfortable table towards his left lateral position and his abdomen and the hip region are oleated and sweat well with steam. Then the suitable amount of oil is warmed and filled in a syringe and introduced gently through the anus and pushed in with constant pressure.
All vata diseases
All diseases of the vertebrae and spine
All gynecological disorders
Chronic rheumatisms etc.
4. Nasya Karma
Nasya is a very effective Ayurveda remedy, and it ensures relaxation for head related problems, especially for any type of headaches. The illness in the head region would get much relaxation after Nasya. Nostrils are the entry point of Nasya treatment, and it’s the doorway to the brain where Nasya treatment applies. Nasya is an essential treatment especially for the illness in the head region. The importance of Nasyam is much relevant in this modern era because problems relating to the head has become common.
Mode of action
Medicine applied to the nostrils irritates the mucosa of the nose and the Para-nasal sinuses. This stimulates the secretion of the collected doshas and mucus. The effect of the medicines absorbed through the circulation helps to heal and nourish the structures above the neck. In ayurveda the head of the body is considered as the root of a tree. So any medication giving to the head will be effective for the body also.
All diseases of the nose and Para-nasal sinuses
All diseases of the head and neck
All diseases of the hair and scalp
All diseases of the brain and spinal cord etc.
Nasya therapy. The nasal administration of medication in Ayurveda is called Nasya. An excess of body humors accumulated in the sinus, throat nose and head areas are removed through this process by the nearest possible opening which is the nose.
Rakthamokshana or bloodletting is very effective in some diseases which the blood impurities are the main reasons for the disease. Various methods are used for this purpose. For eg: using leech, by venesection, through shallow wounds etc. The appropriate method can be selected according to the disease, either localised or generalised, the dominance of vata, pitha and kapha etc. This treatment is selected where all other treatments have been ineffective.
Mode of action
According to ayurvedic principles toxins and vitiated doshas, which cause diseases can be expelled using internal and external oleation and sweating. Removal of these toxins through the nearest body opening cleanses the body and relieves ailments also. But in some diseases, these methods of cleaning will not be so, and in such cases purification of blood method can be used. In ayurveda, in different methods of bloodletting, the quantity of blood removed should be cleaned.
Rakta moshana is therapeutic letting of blood an exclusive purification therapy where instruments or leeches are used in completing the procedure. This therapy is used in conditions where excess toxins are carried in the blood to the periphery of the body.
Step-3 Paschaat Karma (Post-panchakrama plan)
This is as important as undergoing the main procedures. If you do not follow the guidelines after the procedures, then your efforts may go in vain. It is the follow-up therapies that include diet, medication, and lifestyle. When something disrupts this balance, you get sick. Among the things that can upset this balance are genetic or birth defects, injuries, climate and seasonal change, age, and your emotions. This support and enhance the successful effects of the two previous stages of Panchakarma treatments.